This procedure prevents pregnancy by cutting and sealing the tubes that carry sperm.
The testicles are two glands found in the male reproductive system. They are located in the scrotum, a sack that sits behind the penis. Their primary function is to produce sperm and testosterone (a male hormone).
A vasectomy is considered a permanent procedure that results in male sterility. It involves cutting and sealing (typically by cautery, suturing, stapling or applying clips) the tubes that carry sperm (the vas deferens). This prevents pregnancy by preventing sperm from leaving a man's body during sexual activity.
A vasectomy should be thought of as a permanent form of birth control.
In most cases, a vasectomy is done in a healthcare provider's office. (In some cases, it may be done in an outpatient surgical facility.) The area will be cleaned, shaved, and numbed before the procedure. Prior to the procedure, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking (including over the counter medications and supplements). Ask about specific instructions you should follow before surgery. These may include:
When you go the office, bring a scrotal support and wear loose, comfortable clothing. After the procedure you should wear the scrotal support for a few days. You may also need to use ice and over-the-counter pain medication.
This care path includes the costs for a vasectomy performed in a healthcare provider's office. Your costs will be more if it is performed in a hospital or outpatient surgery center.
What should I ask my healthcare provider before having a vasectomy?
After your procedure, you should know what you had done, what medication was given, and what symptoms you should report to your healthcare provider. Make sure you understand all home care instructions (including when you can participate in sexual activity) and follow-up plans (including post-procedure testing of semen). Don't forget to make arrangements for transportation to and from the office and help at home if needed.
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