This test includes an examination of a urine sample by sight, dipstick (paper strip) and microscope.
A manual urine analysis includes an examination of a urine sample by sight, dipstick and microscope.
The first part of the test is a measure of the urine concentration (specific gravity). It is recorded as the number one with several decimal points after it (for example, 1.xxxx).
The second part is a visual examination of the urine sample. The color, cloudiness, and presence of any particles in the urine will be noted.
The third step is a dipstick analysis. A paper strip, which is divided into different sections, is dipped into the urine. Color changes in the strips note normal or abnormal levels of different substances in the urine (i.e., protein, sugar and blood).
The fourth step is an examination of the urine under a microscopic. A microscope is used to check for bacteria, red or white blood cells, crystals and tube shaped structures called casts.
A urine analysis may be done to try and find the cause of urinary symptoms or to check on an existing medical problem.
For this test, you will urinate a small amount into a cup.
Some medicines may affect the color of your urine.
Your healthcare provider will tell you if you need to stop taking any medications before the test.
What should I ask my healthcare provider before having this test?
Is there any special preparation for the test? (If so, get clear instructions on what you need to do.)
What is the reason for the test? Will the test results change my treatment plan? If not, do I need the test?
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