Vaccine - Human Papillomavirus - HPV

This vaccine protects against the strains of human papillomavirus (HPV) that cause cervical cancer and genital warts.




This vaccine protects against the strains of human papillomavirus (HPV) that cause cervical cancer and genital warts.



Human papillomavirus, also known as HPV, is one of the most common causes of sexually transmitted diseases. Certain types of HPV cause cervical cancer and other types cause genital warts. There are three HPV vaccines currently available. All three of the vaccines protect against the two main types of HPV linked to most cases of cervical cancer. Two of the vaccines also protect against the two main types of HPV linked to most cases of genital warts.

  • The Gardasil4® vaccine (4vHPV) protects against four types (quadrivalent) of HPV.
  • The Gardasil9® vaccine (9vHPV) protects against nine types (nonavalent) of HPV.
  • The Cervarix® vaccine (2vHPV) protects against two types (bivalent) of HPV.

It is important to note that none of the vaccines will treat cervical cancer or genital warts.

The three types of HPV vaccines have different recommendations, based on sex and age. The vaccines are usually given in three separate shots over six months.

  • The Gardasil4® vaccine (4vHPV) is approved for females who are between the ages of nine and twenty-six to prevent cervical cancer and genital warts. It also approved for males between the ages of nine and twenty-six to prevent genital warts and cancer of the anus or penis. The Gardasil4 vaccine® will likely be replaced by the Gardasil9® vaccine.
  • The Gardasil9® vaccine (9vHPV) is approved for females who are between the ages of nine and twenty-six to prevent cervical cancer and genital warts. It also approved for males between the ages of nine and twenty-six to prevent genital warts and cancer of the anus or penis. The Gardasil9 vaccine® will likely replace the Gardasil4® vaccine.
  • The Cervarix® vaccine (2vHPV) is approved for females between the ages of ten and twenty-six to prevent cervical cancer.

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that all females between the ages of nine and twenty-six receive the full series of either a Gardasil or Cervarix vaccine. The full series of the Gardasil vaccine is recommended for all males between the ages of nine and twenty-one. The vaccine is also recommended through age twenty-six for men who are immunocompromised or have sex with other men. It is also available to other men between the ages of twenty-two through twenty-six who want to decrease their risk of HPV.

You should contact your healthcare provider if you or your child has questions about the HPV vaccine. Here is a list of questions you can ask during your appointment.

  • Do you recommend this vaccine, and why?
  • Does this vaccine need boosters, and when?
  • What are the side effects of this vaccine?
  • What are the risks if someone does not get this vaccine?

Source UHC.com

Also known as:

Vaccine HPV
Vaccine - Human Papillomavirus - HPV
Vaccine
Immunization Human Papilloma Virus
Immunization HPV
Human Papilloma Vaccine
Human Papilloma Shot
Human Papilloma Immunization
HPV Vaccine
HPV Shot
HPV Immunization
Gardasil
Cervarix


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