This surgery involves replacing an artificial knee joint that has become damaged by infection, wear and tear, trauma or other medical conditions.
The knee joint is made up of three main bones.
The surface of the ends of the bones is covered with cartilage that provides cushioning to the ends of each bone.
A total knee replacement is the replacement of the major parts of the knee joint with man-made pieces of metal and plastic. The three parts replaced are:
An artificial knee improves knee joints that have been damaged by injury or arthritis. The replacement typically lasts about ten to fifteen years, depending on:
Some people need to have a revision or replacement of their artificial knee. This involves replacing the damaged artificial knee joint with a new one. Revisions are more common in patients who are:
Revision of a total knee replacement involves:
Your healthcare provider may recommend a revision of your total knee replacement if you have:
Knee revision surgery can fix the problems listed above, decrease pain and allow normal knee movement and stability.
Prior to the surgery, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking (including over-the-counter medications and supplements). Ask about specific instructions you should follow before the surgery. These may include:
If you are a smoker, you should quit smoking, as it can interfere with your healing and recovery.
During surgery, you will receive anesthesia to keep you comfortable and pain free.
After surgery, you will probably need to stay in the hospital for several days to recover.
What should I ask my healthcare provider before having a revision of my total knee replacement?
Make sure you understand your treatment plan, any possible alternatives and what medications are recommended (including possible side effects). Do not forget to make arrangements for transportation to and from the facility and for help at home. Your surgeon should also let your primary care physician know the details of your surgery and treatment plan.
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