This surgery replaces the major parts of the knee joint with a man-made or artificial joint, called a prosthesis.
A total knee replacement is the replacement of the major parts of the knee joint with man-made pieces of metal and plastic. The three parts replaced are:
Replacing the knee joint involves:
There are times when only a portion of the knee joint needs to be replaced. This is called a partial knee replacement.
A total knee replacement may be recommended if you have severe arthritic pain that has not responded to treatment and stops you from doing your normal daily activities (walking, household tasks, and bathing).
Prior to surgery, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking (including over-the-counter medications and supplements). Ask about specific instructions you should follow before surgery. These may include:
If you are a smoker, you should quit smoking, as it can interfere with your recovery.
During your surgery, you will receive anesthesia to keep you comfortable and pain free.
Do not forget to make arrangements for transportation to and from the facility and help at home.
What should I ask my healthcare provider before having a total knee replacement?
After your surgery, you should know what you had done, what medication was given, and what symptoms you should report to your healthcare provider. You should also understand all home care instructions (including medications and side effects) and follow-up plans. Your surgeon should let your primary care physician know the details of your surgery and treatment plan.
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