This vaccine decreases the risk of a Streptococcus pneumoniae infection, which can cause ear infections, pneumonia, meningitis and blood infections.
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a bacteria that can cause infections that range from mild to severe, including:
There are different types of pneumococcal bacteria. The pneumococcal vaccines protect against the types that cause the most pneumococcal related illnesses.
There are two types of pneumococcal vaccines. The vaccine that you or your child receives will depend on your specific situations
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that healthy children be routinely vaccinated against pneumococcal disease. Four doses of the PCV13 vaccine are given at ages:
Unvaccinated children over the age of two with certain risk factors should receive one or both of the pneumococcal vaccines. Those risk factors include:
The vaccine choice (PCV 13 or PPSV23) will depend on your child's situation. The number of doses in the series and their timing will vary depending on the vaccine that's given. Ask your healthcare provider for details.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends PCV 13 and PPSV23 for all adults age 65 or older.
Pneumococcal vaccine is also recommended for adults through age sixty-four who:
The vaccine choice (PCV 13 and/or PPSV23) will depend on your individual situation. Ask your healthcare provider for details.
The vaccine may also be considered for children and adults of groups who have a greater risk of developing pneumococcal disease. This includes certain:
If you or your child has a moderate to severe illness, check with your healthcare provider before receiving the pneumococcal vaccine. You should never receive the vaccine if you have a history of a serious allergy or reaction to any of the components of the vaccine.
Contact your healthcare provider if your child is not up to date on their vaccines. Here is a list of questions you can ask about the pneumococcal vaccine.
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