This is surgery to remove a lens that has become cloudy and impairs your vision. A man-made lens is then inserted in its place.
A cataract is a cloudy area in the normally clear lens of the eye. A small cataract usually does not cause problems with your vision or cause any pain. In fact, you may not be aware that you have a cataract. However, cataracts can cause:
Cataracts typically occur as people get older. However, they can also occur in younger adults, children and even newborns (congenital cataracts). Cataracts in infants usually require surgery. Certain medications, such as corticosteroids, can cause cataracts in younger adults.
Sometimes cataracts are found during a routine eye examination. Your healthcare provider may recommend removal of a cataract if your vision and level of function is affected. (If your eye doctor is not an ophthalmologist, you may be referred to a cataract surgeon.) After removal of the cloudy lens, the surgeon will insert a man-made lens in its place. This will improve the part of your vision that was affected by the cataract. A cataract removal can be done in an outpatient hospital setting or an ambulatory surgery center (ASC).
Prior to the surgery, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking (including over-the-counter medications and supplements). Ask about specific instructions you should follow before and after the surgery. These may include:
If you are a smoker, you should quit. Smoking can interfere with your recovery.
What should I ask my healthcare provider before having a cataract removal and lens implant?
After your surgery, you should know what you had done, what medication you received and what symptoms you should report to your healthcare provider. You should also understand all home care instructions (including eye drops, medications, and side effects) and follow-up plans. Do not forget to make arrangements for transportation to and from the facility and help at home.
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