This surgery involves the removal of a woman’s uterus, also known as womb, through the vagina.
The normal female reproductive system has two ovaries, two fallopian tubes and a uterus (womb).
A vaginal hysterectomy is a surgery to remove the uterus through the vagina.
The uterus can be removed through the vagina, through three or four small incisions in the abdomen (laparoscopy) or through an incision in the lower abdomen. Your healthcare provider may recommend a vaginal hysterectomy if you have:
Removing the uterus through the vagina is associated with fewer complications and an easier recovery than when the uterus is removed through the abdomen. However, the vaginal approach is not always possible, especially if the uterus is very large or the removal is related to cancer.
Prior to surgery, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking (including over-the-counter medications, herbal remedies and supplements). Ask about specific instructions you should follow before surgery. These may include:
If you are a smoker, you should quit smoking. Smoking can interfere with your recovery.
During your surgery, you will receive anesthesia to keep you comfortable and pain free.
A vaginal hysterectomy typically takes one or two hours.
What should I ask my healthcare provider before having a hysterectomy?
After your hysterectomy, your healthcare provider should provide:
You should also understand all home care instructions (including medications and side effects) and follow-up plans. Your gynecologist should also let your primary care physician know the details of your surgery and treatment plan.
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