This condition occurs when the cells that normally line the inside of the uterus grow outside the uterus.
The female reproductive system has two ovaries, two fallopian tubes and a uterus (womb).
Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when the cells that normally line the inside of the uterus grow outside the uterus. They can be found attached to other organs that are commonly found near or attached to the uterus. This includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, ureters, intestines and rectum.
A hysteroscopy and laparoscopy are outpatient surgical procedures that can be done to help decrease the symptoms associated with endometriosis.
Endometriosis is common and the symptoms can vary widely from minimal to severe. Some of the symptoms include:
The exact symptoms and severity of the symptoms frequently depends on where the cells implant. They are not always determined by the actual size of the implant.
Contact your healthcare provider if you have symptoms of endometriosis. They will perform a physical exam, which will include an examination of your pelvic area (internal exam). They may also order some tests, including:
Your healthcare provider may recommend a hysteroscopy and abdominal laparoscopy if you have severe symptoms that cannot be controlled with medication or other less invasive treatment options. Endometriosis often improves after menopause starts. This makes watching the condition with periodic examinations an option for some. The treatment option that is best for you depends on several factors, including:
Prior to surgery, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking (including over-the-counter medications and supplements). Ask about specific instructions you should follow before surgery. These may include:
If you are a smoker, you should quit smoking, as it can interfere with your recovery.
During your surgery, you will receive anesthesia to keep you comfortable and pain free.
Contact your healthcare provider if you have symptoms of endometriosis. Be prepared to discuss your symptoms and how long you have had them.
What should I ask my healthcare provider before having a laparoscopy?
Before you go home, make sure you understand all home care instructions (including medications and side effects) and follow-up plans. Your gynecologist should let your primary care physician know the details of your surgery and treatment plan.
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