Endometriosis - Inpatient

This condition occurs when the cells that normally line the inside of the uterus grow outside the uterus.




This condition occurs when the cells that normally line the inside of the uterus grow outside the uterus.



The female reproductive system has two ovaries, two fallopian tubes and a uterus (womb).

  • Ovaries are where eggs are made.
  • The fallopian tubes provide a pathway for the eggs to travel from the ovaries to the uterus.
  • The uterus is where a baby grows during pregnancy. The endometrium is the lining of the uterus.

Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when the cells that normally line the inside of the uterus grow outside the uterus. They can be found attached to other organs that are commonly found near or attached to the uterus. This includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, ureters, intestines and rectum.

  • Even though the cells from the endometrium are outside the uterus, they can still respond to monthly hormone changes. These changes can cause the cells to swell and bleed.
  • These cells are not part of the lining of the uterus, so they are not expelled from the body during menstruation. Fluctuations in hormone levels can cause changes in these cells, which cause many of the symptoms of endometriosis (such as, pelvic pain and heavy periods).

An abdominal hysterectomy is surgery to remove the uterus through an incision in the abdomen. The incision can be in the lower abdomen along the bikini line (straight across or horizontal). It can also be in the area of the belly button (straight down or vertical). The type of incision is based on the reason for the surgery, previous surgeries and patient preference.

  • The ovaries and fallopian tubes may or may not be removed at the same time as the uterus.
  • A total hysterectomy is a procedure to remove the entire uterus.
  • A partial hysterectomy involves removing only the upper part of the uterus. The cervix (the opening of the uterus) is left in place.

Endometriosis is common and the symptoms can vary widely from minimal to severe. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Lower abdominal pain and cramping, especially before and during your period
  • Painful intercourse
  • Lower back pain
  • Trouble with urination
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Difficulty getting pregnant (infertility)

The exact symptoms and severity of the symptoms frequently depends on where the cells implant. They are not always determined by the actual size of the implant.

Contact your healthcare provider if you have symptoms of endometriosis. They will perform a physical exam, which will include an examination of your pelvic area (internal exam). They may also order some tests, including:

  • Blood work
  • Urine tests
  • Abdominal or vaginal ultrasounds to evaluate your uterus and surrounding tissues

Your healthcare provider may recommend an abdominal hysterectomy if you have severe symptoms that cannot be controlled with medication or other less invasive treatments options. Endometriosis often improves after menopause starts. This makes watching the condition with periodic examinations an option for some. The treatment option that is best for you depends on several factors, including:

  • Your age
  • Your overall health
  • How bad your symptoms are
  • If you plan on having children in the future

You and your healthcare provider should discuss why you need a hysterectomy and what alternative treatments might be available to you.

  • If you are having a hysterectomy, you and your doctor should discuss whether your ovaries and fallopian tubes should also be removed.
  • If you have not gone through menopause and your ovaries are removed, you may need to take hormone supplements. These supplements can help avoid the symptoms of early menopause and bone loss.

Prior to surgery, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking (including over-the-counter medications and supplements). Ask about specific instructions you should follow before surgery. These may include:

  • Medications you should not take before the surgery, such as blood thinners
  • Regular medications you should take on the day of your surgery
  • How many hours you should stop eating and drinking before surgery

If you are a smoker, you should quit smoking, as it can interfere with your recovery.

During your surgery, you will receive anesthesia to keep you comfortable and pain free.

  • General anesthesia is the most common type of anesthesia for a hysterectomy. With this type of anesthesia, you are put into a deep sleep and are unable to see, hear or feel anything.
  • An abdominal hysterectomy typically takes a few hours. You will spend a few of days in the hospital after surgery.
  • Recovery from an abdominal hysterectomy typically takes 4 to 6 weeks.
  • You may need pain medication and help at home while you recover.

After a hysterectomy, some younger women feel anxious, depressed or sad about their inability to have children in the future. If you have any of these feelings, talk about them with your healthcare provider.

Contact your healthcare provider if you have symptoms of endometriosis. Be prepared to discuss your symptoms and how long you have had them.

  • Bring a copy of your medical history (past illnesses, surgeries, and hospitalizations).
  • Make a list of your medications (including over-the-counter).Write down any questions, symptoms or concerns you want to talk about.
  • If your healthcare provider prescribes a medication for you, ask for a generic version. If your doctor thinks that a generic version is not right for you, ask for a medication on the lowest available tier of your Prescription Drug List (PDL).

What should I ask my healthcare provider before having a hysterectomy?

  • What is my diagnosis and reason for the surgery? What non-surgical alternatives are available to me? What are the possible complications of each?
  • What happens if I do not go through with the surgery?
  • What tests are you recommending and why? Will the test results change my treatment plan? If not, then why do I need them?
  • What type of hysterectomy are you recommending? Are there any alternatives? What are the benefits and risks of each?
  • Are you removing all or part of my uterus? Will I need pap smears in the future?
  • Do my ovaries need to be removed? Will I need to take hormone replacement?
  • What are the chances my symptoms will come back after surgery?
  • How will I feel after the surgery? Will I have to modify my activity? How long until I can get back to my normal activities?
  • What is your experience in doing this type of surgery? What is your complication rate?
  • Is there any special preparation for the surgery? (If so, get clear instructions on what you need to do.)

Before you go home, make sure you understand all home care instructions (including medications and side effects) and follow-up plans. Your gynecologist should let your primary care physician know the details of your surgery and treatment plan.

Source UHC.com

Also known as:

Womb Removal
Uterus Removal
Removal of Womb
Removal of Uterus
Hysterectomy
Endometriosis - Inpatient


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