This surgery involves correcting a toe that is bent downward at the first toe joint. It helps straighten the toe and decrease pain.
A hammer toe is an abnormal bending of a toe. This causes the toe to look like a hammer, or upside down “V”.
There are two different of hammer toe.
When surgery is recommended to repair a hammer toe, the type of surgery will depend on the severity of the hammer toe. Some examples are:
People with a family history of hammer toes have an increased chance of developing them. Other factors that increase the risk of hammer toe(s) include:
Hammer toes can cause:
Contact your healthcare provider if you have a hammer toe causing you the above symptoms. Some ways to prevent the complications associated with a hammer toe include:
If nonsurgical measures are not effective, a hammer toe repair may be recommended. The surgery can be performed by a foot doctor (podiatrist) or a foot and ankle surgeon.
If a hammer toe repair is recommended, prior to surgery, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking (including over-the-counter medications and supplements). Ask about specific instructions you should follow before surgery and get clear instructions on what you need to do. These may include:
If you are a smoker, you should quit smoking, as it can interfere with your recovery.
During your surgery, you will receive medication to keep you comfortable and pain free.
After surgery, expect some pain and tenderness at the site. Call your healthcare provider if you experience uncontrolled bleeding, more pain than anticipated, increased redness or swelling, discharge from the wound, fever, warmth around the incision or red streaks.
If your healthcare provider recommends a hammer toe repair, ask the following questions.
Prior to discharge, you should understand all home care instructions. This includes symptoms to report before your next appointment, medications and their side effects, and follow-up plans. Do not forget to arrange for transportation to and from the facility and for help at home while you recover.
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