This surgery involves removing a bony growth at the base of the big toe.
A bunion is a bony growth at the base of the big toe. It is also known as a hallux valgus.
A bunionectomy is the removal of excessive bony tissue at the base of the big toe.
Bunions are very common, especially in women. Some other factors that increase the risk of bunions include:
Most people with bunions have mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. However, bunions can result in:
Some ways to prevent complications associated with a bunion include:
Contact your primary healthcare provider if you think you have a bunion. He or she may refer you to a foot doctor (podiatrist) or a foot and ankle surgeon. A bunionectomy may be recommended if nonsurgical measures for a painful bunion are not effective. A bunionectomy can:
Prior to surgery, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking (including over-the-counter medications and supplements). Ask about specific instructions you should follow before surgery and get clear instructions on what you need to do. These may include:
If you are a smoker, you should quit smoking. It can interfere with your recovery.
A bunionectomy can often be done by injecting a medication that makes your foot numb. This is called an ankle block. In certain cases, other types of anesthesia may be used.
After surgery, expect some pain and tenderness at the site. Call your healthcare provider if you develop:
Your healthcare provider may limit your activity for a few weeks. You may also need to wear a special support shoe while your foot is healing. In some cases, a cast may be applied to hold your foot in position.
If your healthcare provider recommends a bunionectomy, ask the following questions.
Prior to discharge, make sure you understand all home care instructions. This includes symptoms to report before your next appointment, medications and their side effects and follow-up plans. Do not forget to arrange for transportation to and from the facility and for help at home while you recover.
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