This surgery involves taking a blood vessel from one part of the body and using it to create a flow of blood around a blocked coronary artery.
The heart is a hollow, muscular organ with four chambers.
Just like other muscles in our body, the heart muscle needs its own blood supply to work properly.
A coronary artery bypass graft is also known as a CABG. A CABG involves taking a blood vessel (an artery or vein) from one part of the body. The blood vessel is then used to create a flow of blood around a blocked coronary artery (i.e., a bypass).
If you have chest pain or other symptoms of coronary artery disease, your healthcare provider may refer you to a cardiologist for evaluation. This evaluation may include an angiogram, which is a special x-ray of the arteries that supply your heart muscle with blood (coronary arteries). If the coronary angiogram shows you have coronary artery disease, your healthcare provider may recommend one of several treatments. The treatment recommended for you will depend on your overall health, the severity of your symptoms and the extent of the coronary artery disease seen on your angiogram. Treatment may include:
It is important to know that the majority of people who have coronary artery disease can be successfully treated with medication and following a healthy lifestyle.
CABG surgeries are typically performed for life-threatening coronary artery diseases, such as:
Coronary artery bypass surgery is performed when symptoms of coronary artery disease (e.g., chest pain) cannot be controlled by any other means, such as medication. The surgery can be completed by:
This care path includes the cost of a CABG by standard open heart surgery.
A CABG can be effective at controlling the symptoms of active people with coronary artery disease (i.e., angina and shortness of breath).
Having a CABG does not prevent future blockages. In order to prevent future blockages:
Prior to surgery, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking (including over-the-counter medications and supplements). Ask about specific instructions you should follow before surgery and get clear instructions on what you need to do. These may include:
If you are a smoker, you should quit smoking, as it can interfere with your recovery.
During your surgery, you will receive general anesthesia to keep you comfortable and pain free. General anesthesia is when you are put into a deep sleep and are unable to see, hear or feel anything. After surgery:
If your healthcare provider recommends a CABG, ask the following questions:
Prior to discharge, you should understand all home care instructions. This includes:
Don't forget to make arrangements for transportation to and from the facility and help at home.
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