This procedure involves the removal of a piece of the testicle. It can be done as part of an infertility workup or to see if a lump is cancerous.
A testicle biopsy is the removal of a piece of testicular tissue. It can be done as part of an infertility workup or to check for the presence of abnormal, or cancerous, cells.
Your healthcare provider may recommend an ultrasound and biopsy of your testicles if:
There are two different ways to do a testicle biopsy. Depending on the circumstances, your healthcare provider will determine which method is best for you.
The costs for this care path are for an open biopsy, performed in an outpatient facility.
It is not known for sure what causes testicular cancer. Several factors may increase your chance of developing testicular cancer are:
There is no conclusive link between having a vasectomy and developing testicular cancer.
There may be no symptoms in the early stages of testicular cancer. Some of the symptoms that can develop include:
As the cancer advances, other symptoms can develop. These symptoms can affect the:
Contact your healthcare provider if you have any of the above symptoms. He or she will review your symptoms and perform a physical examination, which may include shining a flashlight through your scrotum. Your provider may also recommend one or more of the following:
A biopsy may be needed to determine if any abnormal findings are related to cancer. If the biopsy or initial testing indicates you have testicular cancer, more testing (CT scan or MRI) may be needed.
If your healthcare provider recommends a testicle biopsy, prior to the procedure tell them about any medications you are taking (including over-the-counter medications and supplements). You should also ask about specific instructions you should follow before and after the procedure. These include:
There should not be a lot of pain during the actual biopsy. However, sometimes the numbing medication can burn when it is injected into the scrotum.
Contact your healthcare provider if you have symptoms of testicular cancer. Be prepared to discuss any symptoms you have and how long you've had them.
What should I ask my healthcare provider before having a testicle biopsy?
Do not forget to arrange for transportation to and from the facility and for help at home.
After your procedure, you should know what you had done, what medication was given and what symptoms you should report to your healthcare provider after discharge. Make sure you understand all home care instructions (including medications and side effects) and follow-up plans. Your surgeon should also communicate with your primary care physician.
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