This surgery uses small instruments and a camera to cut or clamp the fallopian tubes to prevent a pregnancy.
A tubal ligation is a surgery that uses small instruments and a camera to cut or clamp the fallopian tubes to prevent a pregnancy. The instruments are inserted into one or two small cuts in the abdomen. The fallopian tubes may be:
A tubal ligation prevents pregnancy in two ways.
For the first year after the procedure, a tubal ligation is more than ninety-nine percent effective in preventing pregnancy. The effectiveness can change over time and vary depending on:
A tubal ligation is an appropriate decision if permanent pregnancy prevention is desired for personal or medical reasons. It can be done after childbirth or as a separate outpatient procedure.
Prior to surgery, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you are taking. This may include over-the-counter medications and supplements. Lab work may be done to make sure you are not pregnant and do not have a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Ask about other specific instructions you need to follow before and after the procedure. These include:
If you are a smoker, you should quit smoking, as it can interfere with your recovery.
During your surgery, you will receive anesthesia to keep you comfortable and pain free. Anesthesia may include one of the following:
You will probably go home the day of your surgery.
Do not forget to make arrangements for transportation to and from the facility.
It is important to remember that having a tubal ligation does not protect against any STDs. If you are not in a committed relationship with a single partner, you should practice safe sex and use a condom during any sexual contact.
What should I ask my healthcare provider before having a tubal ligation?
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