This surgery involves the removal of the adenoids and tonsils. The tonsils and adenoids are lymph tissues located in the back of the throat.
The tonsils and adenoids are made of lymph tissues and are part of your immune system. The tonsils are located on each side in the back of the throat. The adenoids are also in the back of the throat, above the tonsils. They are close to the eustachian tubes, which connect the middle ear to the back of the nose and throat.
The surgical removal of the tonsils and adenoids is called a tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy, or T and A. This surgery is more often performed in children than adults. This is because problems related to these tissues usually improve as a child gets older. The tonsils and adenoids tend to shrink over time.
The reasons to remove the tonsils are similar to the reasons to remove the adenoids. However, there are some differences. Therefore, it is not always necessary to remove both the tonsils and the adenoids. People sometimes need a tonsillectomy if they have:
People sometimes need an adenoidectomy if they have:
A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy may be needed if there are problems related to the enlargement to both tissues.
A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy is an outpatient surgery that is usually done by an ear, nose and throat surgeon. Prior to the surgery, tell your child's health care provider about any medications your child is taking (including over-the-counter medications and supplements). Ask about specific directions that should be followed before the surgery. These may include:
During your surgery, your child will have anesthesia to keep him or her comfortable and pain free.
After a few hours, your child should be able to go home. However, if your child is not able to drink enough fluids after surgery, he or she may need to stay in the hospital overnight. Decreased activity and avoiding anyone who has an upper respiratory infection may be recommended. Also, make sure your child gets plenty of fluids while recovering. For a few days, it is best to eat soft foods and drink cool, non-acidic beverages. Pain medication may also be needed.
What should I ask a health care provider before my child has a tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy?
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